Together with the European Parliament, the Council is the main decision-making body of the EU. EU summits are meetings of a separate institution - the "European Council" - that is, when all the heads of government meet. Their chairman is European Council President Herman Van Rompuy, who took office in 2009 and will step down in December 2014. The EU aims to improve the lives of all those who live and work in member countries by making rules and setting standards. Croatia became the 28th member when it joined on 1 July 2013. Watch the moment that the Brexit result was declared, Prime Minister David Cameron announces that he'll resign, The moment the UK was *officially* on its way out. According to the EU's official website: "In the EU's single market (sometimes also called the internal market), people, goods, services and money can move around the EU as freely as within a single country. They must show that they treat their people fairly, respect their human rights and allow them to vote in elections. 1. It is called qualified majority voting (QMV). It's like a school council, but instead of people from each year, there are people from each country. It does things like proposing new laws for the European Parliament to vote on, and makes sure that that the laws the European Parliament has passed are used properly. One EU country, Ireland has declined the Schengen benefits. Five years after the war ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure that their two countries would never go to war against each other again. There is also something called European Economic Area (EEA), which includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. For example, what will happen to the border between Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK, scheduled to leave the EU) and the Republic Ireland (which will remain in the EU), and how the UK will buy and sell goods with EU countries. The EU didn’t admit its budget will collapse without the UK’s contribution post-Brexit. Now, May wanted to work out a compromise, in which the U.K. technically would leave the EU but would stay in Europe's economic marketplace and not have its exports subjected to customs checks and restrictions [source: Judah]. Countries have to prove certain things in order to be allowed to join. All EU countries except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania & the UK - along with Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway & Switzerland - are currently part of the Schengen area. Many feel that it is positive for UK citizens to be able to move freely between other EU countries - either to live, work or study - which won't be the case once the UK is no longer a member. Germany, France, Italy and the UK have 29 votes each, while Malta has three. But Macron wasn't having it. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. It enforces EU rules, and if a member state delays enacting an agreed policy, or simply refuses to comply, then the Commission will warn them and if necessary pursue them at the EU Court of Justice. Voting in the Council is weighted according to a country's size and economic power, so for example Germany has a bigger weight than Luxembourg. The new Commission President is former Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker. Kyaw Zwar Minn spends the night in his car after saying the military attachÃ© "occupied" the embassy. The EU was given its current structure and powers in 2007 with the Lisbon Treaty, also known as the Reform Treaty. But it does have another remedy in the Belgian system, De Rey explains: If a company is in breach of a contract, the other party can appoint another producer to do the job at the expense of the company in breach. That's the parliament's job. BBC Europe correspondent Matthew Price has been exploring the corridors of power in Brussels, and here he explains what each EU institution does. With post-Brexit trade negotiations between the UK and the EU very much underway, free ports are being seen as one of the trump-cards of the government when it comes to exerting some pressure on the EU, by further opening up the UK to the rest of the world. Other countries interested in joining include Iceland, Serbia and Turkey. It meets at least four times each year, but more often when necessary. Some European countries initially offered the vaccine only to 18-64 year-olds because they said there was limited data on how well it protects the over-65s. Those who want the UK to leave think that the UK will be better off by having more control over itself and being able to make its own separate deals with other countries, both inside and outside the EU. In the past, the UK has chosen to opt out of some important EU decisions like using the euro, and it didn't sign up to a special deal called the Schengen Treaty, which made border controls more relaxed. It is based in Brussels (Belgium). It allows these countries to have special deals with each other as part of something called the EU's single market. The legal doctrine of supremacy of EU law means that EU labour law takes precedence over domestic labour law. They examine draft laws from the Commission and make recommendations, so the final text is a compromise - often the result of numerous amendments. Some say that EU leaders have too much control over what the UK can do and that it is time we leave. It is based in Brussels (Belgium). They believe that we are in a better position to buy and sell products and services with other EU countries, as we will get better deals. ensures that all countries and institutions that are part of the EU are following EU laws properly and in the same way. None of the money comes from the EU budget Who turns up depends on what the council is talking about. It also checks that all the other parts of the EU are working fairly. sets the general political direction and priorities of the EU, but it does not pass laws. Why do some people want the UK to leave the EU? The Schengen Treaty (signed in 1985, initially by only five EU countries) means that many EU citizens can move between countries signed up to the deal without using a passport. Come on a video tour with him. The European Commission does the day-to-day work of running the EU. The vote was over two years ago, but it is still being talked about a lot as the UK hasn't left yet the EU. More about the 2019 European elections results But France wants to keep the Strasbourg sessions and switching to a "single seat" in Brussels would require treaty change. Before the Lisbon Treaty they had little influence over agriculture, fisheries or the EU budget. The Commission's job is to draft EU laws and act as "guardian of the treaties". European Union priorities for 2019-2024; What the EU does for its citizens; EU citizenship; Countries. Does it work in older people? When you hear discussions about politics, it is often people who are mentioned: the prime minister of your country, for example, or an opposition leader. Britain leaving the EU has been given a special name, which you have probably heard before - Brexit (made up of the words 'Britain' and 'exit'). … Germany has the most - 96, France 74, the UK and Italy 73 each, and the three smallest countries - Estonia, Luxembourg and Malta - have six each. Again, those Committees work through secretive deliberations with EU Ministers and civil servants, who give directives to political groups in the European Parliament so as to ensure the passage of its proposals. 3. The Agency also implements policies and procedures to ensure it works independently, openly and transparently and upholds the highest standards in its scientific recommendations. About 90 % of loans are made within the EU. Furthermore, to be a member of the group, countries have to pay money, which is done mostly through taxes. This photo was being taken as Estonia entered the Schengen borderless zone in 2007. The Europe flag is the official symbol of the European Union. Covid-19 vaccine trial in children paused but 'no safety concerns'. Read more… 12 June 2019. Do you think behaviour in schools is worse after lockdown? Read about our approach to external linking. Video, Covid-19: The disinformation tactics used by China, 'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised' Video, 'I can't change my gender unless I'm sterilised', Kardashian tries to get photo wiped off the web, 'Strong' evidence found for a new force of nature, Beijing now has more billionaires than any city, PM 'deeply concerned' about Belfast violence, Rare Superman comic sells for record $3.25m, Hong Kong citizens given 'support' to come to UK. A look at the differences and similarities between the Gulf Cooperation Council and the European Union. There are 28 EU commissioners - one from each member state - and each one focuses on a policy area, for example justice and home affairs, or the EU internal market. The European Union has its own legislature and executive, as well as an independent judiciary and a central bank. According to YouTube, the algorithm is basically a “real-time feedback loop that tailors videos to each viewer’s different interests.” It decides which videos will get suggested to individual users. It is based in Brussels (Belgium). It is the only directly elected EU institution, and Europe's biggest elections yet took place in May 2014. A European Parliament report this year called the service top-heavy and slow to react to crises. The EU hasn’t said Brexit will collapse the EU budget. Who decides what in the EU? That means the government is sensible about the amount of money it spends and does not interfere too much in the way people do business. The EU was formed in the aftermath of World War Two. On 23 June 2016, UK adults voted to leave a group of countries called the European Union (EU). 'Remainers' - as people who support the UK remaining in the EU are sometimes called - generally believe that it is better when countries work closer together in a group like this. It represents the governments of the member states; the ministers meet regularly according to their policy area. The European Union is a club of 28 countries from around Europe, whose governments work together. The EU at work; Economy; Cohesion; Citizens ; External relations; Contents; How the European Union works. The result was a special deal signed by six countries to bring together their coal and steel resources in 1950. What's life like on the Covid-free island of Sark? Introducing the European Union How it works, who does what What this publication is about This publication is a guide on how the European Union (EU) works. Seven years later, another deal was signed in Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC) - which is what is considered to be the foundation of the EU as we know it today. Such laws are presented to the European Parliament only at the discretion of the European Commission. Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The European Council, which is the meeting place for heads of state or government, sets the EU’s overall policy agenda and its priorities. By joining the EU, states give up some of their power to make decisions. The EU is run by five main institutions: the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Court of Justice.. ‘How the EU works’ means how decisions are taken at EU level and who takes those decisions. In the main, the Council approves a law if 55% of ministers representing 65% or more of the Union’s population vote in favour, a process called double-majority voting that aims to “reflect the legitimacy of the EU as a union of both peoples and nations”. Its members usually meet four times a year to talk about important issues affecting their countries. The Commission can levy fines or suspend EU funding. The EU's new diplomatic service was one of the key innovations under the Lisbon Treaty, intended to give the EU "one voice" internationally. Three countries have open borders with the Schengen Area: Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City. "When a gamer creates a video game video for YouTube, the video itself is a new copyright work owned by the gamer. The U.K. was the first … This is because human beings take decisions and shape policies. New EU laws, or revisions to existing ones, come about usually after requests from governments, Euro MPs or lobby groups. EU laws become part of national legislation after detailed negotiations between the Council and the European Parliament.