In 1487, Bartolomeu Dias found what he called the "Cape of Storms". POPULATION: 55, 489, 975 The largest Adansonia digitata baobab currently in existence is thought to be the Sagole Baobab, located near the rural town of Tshipise in Limpopo Province, South Africa.It stands 72 feet high and has a crown diameter of 125 feet. South Africa's economy is divided. Four facts about our provincial economies. Check out our fascinating facts about South Africa…, OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of South Africa Africa is the world’s second largest continent covering about over 30 million square kilometers; The Sahara is the largest desert in the world and is bigger than the continental USA. We’re off to a place bursting with wonderful wildlife, rich culture and mind-blowing history! Because of this varied topography and oceanic influence, different parts of South Africa have different climates. MAJOR RIVERS: Limpopo, Orange. These Top 10 richest rappers in South Africa are always working towards producing high-quality songs for their audiences. Sunny beaches, fascinating culture and beautiful cities – learn all about one of the world’s coolest countries with our facts about Spain! While South Africa has a great wealth of flowering plants, only 1% of South Africa is forest, almost exclusively in the humid coastal plain of KwaZulu-Natal, where there are also areas of Southern Africa mangroves in river mouths. The Boers had no chance of winning. They were hoping to make money. Although the country only makes up about one percent of the Earth’s land surface, it’s home to almost ten percent of the world’s known bird, fish and plant species, and about six percent of its mammal and reptile species. There are significant numbers of baobab trees in this area, near the northern end of Kruger National Park. By land area, South America is the world's fourth largest continent after Asia, Africa, and North America. In 2006, the number of fungi in South Africa was estimated at about 200,000 species, but did not take into account fungi associated with insects. 4. This made a great number of people to come to South Africa from Europe. High school education spans a further five years. One of the youngest of the world’s major cities, Johannesburg was founded in 1886, following the discovery of gold. It had the national team, 'Bafana Bafana,' going on to win the tournament. During 1995–2003, the number of older jobs went down. Nestled in the Drakensberg is the mountainous kingdom of Lesotho. According to the "World Sunshine Map", Africa receives many more hours of bright sunshine during the course of the year than any other continent of the Earth: many of the sunniest places on the planet lie there. i love reading facts about south Africa is amazing, Although Ive been to South Africa,(about ten times)I never knew that much! South Africa spends more on its military than any of its neighboring countries do. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. CAPITALS: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial) At that time, the British had the Cape. IMPORTANT NOTICE We are currently facing uncertain times in South Africa and around the world due to the Covid-19 pandemic. A map of South Africa showing the main topographic features: the Central Plateau edged by the Great Escarpment, and the Cape Fold Belt in the south-west corner of the country. The eastern range, called the Drakensberg or Dragon’s Mountain, is filled with jagged peaks, some reaching more than 3,475 meters high! Map of South Africa: National Geographic Maps. Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century humans have had an unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale.. South Africa was only allowed to participate from 1995 since the end of Apartheid. South Africa houses many endemic species, among them the critically endangered riverine rabbit (Bunolagus monticullaris) in the Karoo. Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. It may be suggested that there is no single South African culture because of its ethnic diversity. Johannesburg, in the center of the Highveld, is at 1,740 m (5,709 ft) and gets a yearly rainfall of 740 mm (29.9 in). Goal! Famous boxers from South Africa are Baby Jake Jacob Matlala, Vuyani Bungu, Welcome Ncita, Dingaan Thobela, Gerrie Coetzee and Brian Mitchell. The district municipalities are further divided into 226 local municipalities. Climate change includes both global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. In 1652, the Netherlands established the southern city of Cape Town, and Dutch farmers, called Boers, began settling in the areas around the city. In 1974 South Africa’s mortality rate – deaths per 1,000 live births – was 88.1 for infants under a year and 125.5 for under-fives. Johannesburg, city, Gauteng province, South Africa, that is the country’s chief industrial and financial metropolis. South Africa's military is the most powerful in southern Africa. Informal jobs went up. According to the "World Sunshine Map", Africa receives many more hours of bright sunshine during the course of the year than any other continent of the Earth: many of the sunniest places on the planet lie there. They won the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France. 10. In 1990, after 27 years behind bars, Mandela was freed by President F.W. Shopping is fun and entertaining at … With more than 22,000 different higher plants, or about 9% of all the known species of plants on Earth, South Africa is particularly rich in plant diversity. It is also one of the fastest growing countries in Africa. 11. South Africa has a mostly temperate climate. Members of the middle class often study and work from foreign countries for greater exposure to the markets of the world. The earliest instance of human ancestors using tools has been traced to Ethiopia. South African food is mostly meat-based and has spawned the South African social gathering known as a braai, or barbecue. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Both of them were a great success. It is among these people, however, that cultural traditions live most strongly. Important geographical regions in South Africa. Most South African blacks still have poor lives. AREA: 1,219,089 square kilometres The 2009 middle-year estimated figures for the other categories were Black African at 79.3%, White at 9.1%, Colored at 9.0%, and Asian at 2.6%. Four of South Africa’s eight Unesco World Heritage sites are cultural sites, while one is a mixed cultural/natural site. Learners have twelve years of formal schooling, from grade 1 to 12. It is a very populated scrubland, the Karoo, which is drier towards the northwest along the Namib desert. Famous current cricket players are Herschelle Gibbs, Graeme Smith, Jacques Kallis, JP Duminy and more. Today, the diversity in foods from many cultures is enjoyed by all and marketed to tourists who wish to taste South African food. We provide a large variety of international products across the globe. This region is also mostly known for its wind, which blows almost all year. Diamonds were found in South Africa in 1867. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Further east on the south coast, rainfall falls more evenly throughout the year, making a green landscape. One of the youngest of the world’s major cities, Johannesburg was founded in 1886, following the discovery of gold. U. In 2010, South Africa became the first African nation to host the FIFA World Cup. In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck colonized the Cape. Angel Falls is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall. Food is not the only thing, music and dance is there too. The war was between the British and the Boers Republics. There are plenty of mountains, including eight that surround the capital. The death rate of children is the starkest indicator of the health of a country’s society and economy. On 31 May 1910 the Union of South Africa was made from the Cape and Natal colonies. There were very few native people living in the Cape. Wow this is amazing facts! Union Buildings in Pretoria, seat of the executive, Houses of Parliament in Cape Town, seat of the legislature, Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa since 2009, Leaders of the BRICS nations at the G-20 summit in Hangzhou, 2016. These are: Robben Island, the Cradle of Humankind, the Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape, the Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape, and the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park. South Africa hosted and won the 1995 Rugby World Cup at their first try. As observed on the physical map above, the country is very hilly and mountainous in the east, where the Taebaek Mountains dominate the landscape. There are around 130 different species of Protea in South Africa. Average elevation is higher towards the north (towards the equator) and further inland. Numerous mammals are found in the Bushveld including lions, African leopards, South African cheetahs, southern white rhinos, blue wildebeest, kudus, impalas, hyenas, hippopotamuses and South African giraffes. The eastern portion of this line, coloured red, is known as the Drakensberg. Let’s go! South Africa signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 4 June 1994, and became a party to the convention on 2 November 1995. South Africa's Coat of Arms has not always looked the way it does today. The British had brought many more soldiers the second time. The Orange Free State is mostly flat, because it lies in the center of the high plateau. At 1,219,912 km2 (471,011 sq mi), South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is almost the size of Colombia. These were two Boer Republics. South Africans are passionate about music, often using song and dance to express social and political ideas. . Some of them are Francois Pienaar, Joost van der Westhuizen, Danie Craven, Frik du Preez, Naas Botha, and Bryan Habana. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). 2. In 1910, the British united four colonies in the region and created South Africa. Please stay up to date by visiting government’s resource portal. There are even smaller reserves of forests that are out of the reach of fire, known as montane forests. A New Design for a New South Africa . Other problems are crime, corruption, and HIV/AIDS. The British lost the war and came back 8 years later in 1899. Grade R, or grade 0, is a pre-primary foundation year. Contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division. Most of the plants are evergreen hard-leaf plants with fine, needle-like leaves, such as the sclerophyllous plants. Here are four facts you might not have known about our economic landscape. The developed part of the economy is similar to that of most nations with wealth (for example, Britain or Australia). Even though the population of South Africa has grown in the past decade (mostly because of immigration), the country had an yearly population growth rate of −0.501% in 2008 (CIA est. In 1795, Great Britain took the Cape from the Dutch East India Company, to stop France from taking it. They are right now the world's number one in test match cricket. There are plenty of mountains, including eight that surround the capital. South Africa has also developed into a big wine maker. South Africa is found at the southernmost region of Africa, with a long coastline that reaches more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian). The First Boer War happened in 1880-1881. 15.1% had no religious affiliation, 2.3% were other and 1.4% were unspecified. The Baobab Record-Breaking Trees . Kenya facts: discover this amazing African country! 1. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. North of the Vaal River, the Highveld becomes better watered and does not get subtropical heat. The country is ranked sixth out of the world's seventeen megadiverse countries. The popularity of their songs is adequate evidence of their hard work and dedication. Every June, millions of sardines travel up the east coast, creating a phenomenal feeding frenzy for thousands of hungry sharks, dolphins and birds! Most of South Africa’s landscape is made up of high, flat areas called plateaus. To the east, south and west of the plateau lands is a mountainous region called the Great Escarpment. Europe comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east. South Africa’s geography and landscape. Ubuy offers you the opportunity to choose top branded products sitting in the comfort of your homes and just clicking on your requirements to get it delivered at your doorstep. South America is almost twice as big as Europe by land area, and is marginally larger than Russia. The longest border is shared with the DRC. From the east, the land quickly rises over mountains towards the back plateau known as the Highveld. 4. History: Evidence of human life in South America dates back to 10,000 BC.One of the earliest South American civilisations are recorded in Peru. Located in Canaima National Park, the second largest national park in Venezuela, the waterfall tumbles from a cleft near the summit of table top mountain Auyán-tepu into what is known as Devil’s Canyon, 3212 feet (979m) below.The falls are a tributary of the Carrao River, itself part of Venezuela’s Orinoco River system. Four of South Africa’s eight Unesco World Heritage sites are cultural sites, while one is a mixed cultural/natural site. South Africa's landscape is incredibly varied: it's made up of deserts, wetlands, grasslands, bush, subtropical forests, mountains and escarpments. South Africa is divided into 9 provinces. History: Evidence of human life in South America dates back to 10,000 BC.One of the earliest South American civilisations are recorded in Peru. Europe comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and Asia to the east. Many different peoples make up South Africa, each with their own language and history. There are other sports like basketball, surfing and skateboarding that are becoming more liked. Gold was found in 1884. The war was between the British and the Boers Republics. The last census was held in 2001 and the next will be in 2011. It also hosted the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Beyond the skyscrapers, South Korea boasts a spectacular natural landscape, 64 per cent of which is covered in forest. This page was last modified on 22 January 2021, at 04:39. If correct, then the number of South African fungi dwarfs that of its plants. They established laws that separated whites from black South Africans, a practice of segregation called apartheid, which led to decades of conflict. km in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. It would take 20 grown men to form an unbroken circle around the trunk with outstretched arms. In 1963, Nelson Mandela, the head of the anti-apartheid African National Congress, was given a life sentence in jail for “terrorist” activities. My dad is South african and he speaks afrikaans. The Great Rift Valley cuts through Ethiopia from northeast to south of the country and is the only physical feature of Africa that it visible from space. This area also makes much of the wine in South Africa. Urban blacks normally speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native tongue. 1) The Nile River is widely accepted as the world’s longest river.Found in north Africa, it flows through 11 different countries and stretches a whopping 6,695km – that’s as long as 65,000 football pitches!. African penguins on Boulders Beach, Cape Town: Andrea Willmore, Dreamstime. These cookies do not store any personal information. 3. South Africa is found at the southernmost region of Africa, with a long coastline that reaches more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian).At 1,219,912 km 2 (471,011 sq mi), South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is almost the size of Colombia.Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m (11,181 ft) is the highest part in South Africa. No offence but South Africa has FIVE capital states, not three. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Spain facts: discover the land of flamenco and fiesta. Some of them are Lucas Radebe and Philemon Masinga (both were of Leeds United), Quinton Fortune (Atletico Madrid and Manchester United), Benni McCarthy (Ajax Amsterdam, F.C. It then turns into the lower lying Bushveld, an area of mixed dry forest and a lot of wildlife. He called it this because the cape gave the Portuguese a new chance to find a sea route to India. Ubuy South Africa: The Ultimate International Online Shopping Experience Platform in South Africa. Primary schools span the first seven years of schooling. The longest border is shared with the DRC. Even though South Africa is thought as semi-arid, there is a difference in climate as well as topography. These are: Robben Island, the Cradle of Humankind, the Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape, the Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape, and the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park. A significant extent of the Bushveld exists in the north-east including Kruger National Park and the Sabi Sand Game Reserve, as well as in the far north in the Waterberg Biosphere. In 1806, wars in Europe left the British in control of the Cape Town colony. These lands are covered with rolling grasslands, called highveld, and tree-dotted plains, called bushveld.  In South Africa, people can attach flamethrowers to their cars to prevent car jacking. It might sound strange, but did you know South Africa has another country within its borders? Read and learn more about Johannesburg here. Uganda borders five countries: Kenya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Tanzania. Winters in this region are cold, although snow is rare. Most of them also participate in the Indian Premier League. There is a developing black middle class. The southwest has a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean with mild, moderately wet winters and hot, dry summers. The Escarpment rises to its highest point, at over 3000 m, where the Drakensberg forms the border between KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho. Uganda is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa with a population of 45 million. Read and learn more about Johannesburg here. The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and cultural heritage. Johannesburg, city, Gauteng province, South Africa, that is the country’s chief industrial and financial metropolis. It was also made from Orange Free State and the Transvaal. There is a desert in the southern Namib in the farthest northwest and subtropical climate in the east along the Mozambique border and the Indian ocean. Other sports that are popular are swimming, athletics, golf, boxing, tennis and netball. Muslims accounted for 1.5% of the population, Hinduism about 1.3%, and Judaism 0.2%. The action policies have seen a rise in black economic wealth. The country has 11 official languages, and many more unofficial languages. In the 1400s, European ships heading to the Far East began stopping on the South African coast for supplies. The Boer Republics were established when Dutch settlers moved north in the Great Trek. The largest Adansonia digitata baobab currently in existence is thought to be the Sagole Baobab, located near the rural town of Tshipise in Limpopo Province, South Africa.It stands 72 feet high and has a crown diameter of 125 feet. These were two Boer Republics. In northern South Africa near Johannesburg lies a cave formation called the Sterkfontein.  The United States, China, India, New Zealand, Argentina and Europe could all fit within Africa. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. This area is popularly known as the Garden Route. The fascinating find earned the region the nickname “Cradle of Humankind“. In 2010, South Africa became the first African nation to host the World Cup. Data published recently by Stats SA provide a portrait of South Africa’s provincial economies. Unemployment is very high. The eastern coastline however, is well-watered, which makes a climate kind of like the tropics. All other pictures: Getty Images UK, While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add The British had brought many more soldiers the second time. The Baobab Record-Breaking Trees . and the 2007 World Twenty20 Championship. Uganda borders five countries: Kenya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Tanzania. You really need to edit that. There are two landlocked countries in South America: Paraguay and Bolivia are located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Pacific Ocean. South Africa works hard to preserve its wildlife. In at least some major South African ecosystems, an exceptionally high percentage of fungi are highly specific in terms of the plants with which they occur. South Africa's Coat of Arms has not always looked the way it does today. Africa is often considered and referred as the "Sun continent" or the continent where the Sun's influence is the greatest. 10. Beyond the skyscrapers, South Korea boasts a spectacular natural landscape, 64 per cent of which is covered in forest. The Boer Republics were established when Dutch settlers moved north in the Great Trek. MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Drakensberg It bid for the right to stage the 2004 Olympic Games, but finished third to Athens. 11. Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Under apartheid, schools for blacks were subject to discrimination through inadequate funding and a separate syllabus called Bantu Education which was only designed to give them sufficient skills to work as labourers. This colourful mix of cultures gives South Africa its nickname “rainbow nation“. Members of middle class, who are mostly white but whose ranks are growing numbers of black, colored and Indian people, have lifestyles similar in many ways to that of people found in Western Europe, North America and Australasia. South Africa suffers from mostly heavy overall regulation compared to developed countries.